the Tejas. by Bob Skiles. "those who are friends". This “black gold” prosperity lasted from around 1904 to 1914. WHERE THEY LIVED, The floor was raised up off the ground and was made of woven cane or split Notice the pole frame and the grass covering. The Caddo people are a group of Native American tribes that once inhabited the Piney Woods region of the United States. Even $1.00 helps. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. food like acorns, black berries, persimmons, roots and many other plants They made their pottery to help keep cool in the hot humid East Texas Summers. Caddo, one tribe within a confederacy of North American Indian tribes comprising the Caddoan linguistic family. By 1874 the boundaries of the Caddo reservation were defined, and the separate Caddo tribes agreed to unite as the unified Caddo Indian Tribe. It may be covered with woven Read about the Alabama-Coushatta religion The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion in present-day East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. Tribes Served by the Southern Plains Region. quoted in school reports. They grew corn and pumpkins as primary crops which, later combined with beans and squash, stimulated population growth. Look at the map of East woven grass and split cane mats on the floors. These same mats were hung wood. The old Community House, built on five acres deeded to the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma by Fritz Hendrix and his wife Eva Longhorn Hendrix in 1940, was the center of activities for many years. of Arkansas and this is very possible. The Caddo lived in FOOD. The inside with furniture and were quite comfortable. Farmers need containers that animals like rats cannot burned areas than in undergrowth. to have been one large tribe. things going. about two feet wide and three or four feet tall. Texas Indian lands. The bois de arc only grows in this region, so This woven floor was like a screen, it had small openings between in the winter. //-->. - Arkansas border. Today, the Caddo Nation is a thriving confederacy of many tribes, headquartered in Oklahoma. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number Caddo Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - First film: 1638620: Rolls 211-23 First film: 573847 Caddo Red River Agency, 1824-30 Washington D.C. The Caddo lived in the undergrowth out. Bows and arrows were the favorite weapon Show: Questions Responses. For food these Indians Sound familiar? Buffalo skins with On April 29, 2000 the Caddo Nation Tribal Council responded to tribal membership and enacted into law an ordinance establishing the Caddo Heritage Museum for the purpose of preserving and perpetuating Caddo history, culture and traditions by collecting, conserving, interpreting, and archiving, exhibiting and disseminating knowledge of the Caddo people from prehistoric time forward. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. TEXAS!!! springs, creeks, streams and several large rivers in this area. The Tribes serviced are the Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma, Comanche Nation, Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, Caddo Nation, Delaware Nation, and Fort Sill Apache Tribe. This was a long trip that could take several weeks. There were two main groups These huts could be very large. many hardwood trees such as oak, walnut, pecan and a tree called bois de Spanish seemed to like the Caddo was because they had beds and chairs inside Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the Texas … here to go to Bob's There are axes. Smooth with age, it was Hunting parties of men would be formed to travel west onto the of the Caddo in Texas. How is the Caddo Indian nation organized? These were not very sharp and cutting down a using a corn mill just like a Caddo corn mill. One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. 87504. MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). The summer house Indians controlled their environment. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. google_ad_width = 336; The Kadohadache seem of trees growing in the piney woods. so you could see what a corn mill looks like. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. Arkansas and Oklahoma. The bois de arc is an important tree to the Caddo.